Curriculum: Key Stage 4

KS4 Curriculum Guide - Year 10 History
Term 1Cold War Crises, 1958-70   
This unit of the course focuses on the three major crises of thee Cold War. The first was in 1961 when the Soviet Union constructed the Berlin Wall separating East Berlin from West Berlin greatly increasing East-West tension. The following year the two superpowers were on the brink of nuclear war due to the Cuban missile Crisis. The third crisis was in 1968 when reforms in Czechoslovakia, known as the Prague Spring, led to a Soviet invasion which angered the West, as well as the Brezhnev Doctrine.
Assessment: Write a narrative account analysing the key events of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. You may use the following in your answer: - The Prague Spring - The Soviet Union re-establishes control You MUST also use information of your own. Key Words and Terms
Term 2The end of the Cold War, 1970-91  
There was some hope at the end of the 1960s that relations between the USA and the Soviet Union would substantially improve. In the 1970s, the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) and the Helsinki Agreements brought about distinct changes, but the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 plunged the world into what became the Second Cold War. Relations between the superpowers in the early 1980s were as cold as they had ever been - yet by 1989 the leaders of the USA and the Soviet Union had announced that the Cold War was over.
Assessment: Full mock exam paper (55 minutes) to be completed in lesson. Key Words and Terms
Term 3Henry VIII and Wolsey, 1509-29   
Pupils will briefly learn about the reign of Henry VII after Bosworth then study English society in 1509. From here the focus will be on Henry VIII’s character and attitudes on becoming king, in particular his belief in the divine right to rule. The first two decades of Henry’s reign concentrate on domestic and foreign affairs. Central to these two decades is the role of Thomas Wolsey, the King’s chief advisor. Students will study Wolsey’s rise to power in the early years, the nature of his relationship with Henry, and his eventual downfall caused largely by the failure to resolve 'The King’s Great Matter'.
Assessment: Wolsey’s failure to gain an annulment for Henry was the main reason why he fell from power in 1529’. How far do you agree? Explain your answer. You may use the following in your answer: • The Amicable Grant • The Boleyn faction Key Words and Terms
Term 4Henry VIII and Cromwell, 1529-40   
Students will begin by learning how Cromwell, like Wolsey, rose from humble beginnings to become Henry’s chief minister from 1532 to 1540. Central to his rise, was Cromwell’s role in securing Henry’s annulment. Students will also consider how he managed to stay there by becoming one of the most ruthless and powerful operators ever to dominate the politics of this country. During the 1530s, in a reign of unadulterated terror against the Church, he masterminded the dissolution of the monasteries and the biggest land grab since the Norman invasion of 1066 (seizing one-sixth of the nation's wealth and turning it over to his master, the King). Students will finish by looking at the reasons why Cromwell fell from power in 1540.
Assessment: 'Anne Boleyn was executed because of the actions of Thomas Cromwell.' How far do you agree? Explain your answer. (16) You may use the following in your answer: • Charges of adultery • The birth of Elizabeth Key Words and Terms
Term 5The Reformation and its impact, 1529-40   
Students will learn why Henry wanted to break from Rome and understand the significance of the Act of Succession and Act of Supremacy. This will then lead on to why opponents such as Elizabeth Barton, John Fisher and others opposed Henry's religious reforms. The significance of Thomas More's opposition to the Reformation and how the English Church changed in the years 1534 to 40 will also be covered before learning why the monasteries were closed, the negative and positive impact it before ending with the Pilgrimage of Grace.
Assessment: 55 minute examination paper to be completed in class. Key Words and Terms
Term 6Medicine in medieval and Renaissance England c.1250-c.1700 
Students will begin by learning what ideas, both rational and supernatural, people in medieval England (1250-1500) had about the causes of disease and illness. They will learn about the Theory of the Four Humours, the Treatment of Opposites and the continuing influence of Hippocrates and Galen throughout the period before exploring how ineffective these were in the attempt to cope with the impact of the Black Death. Students will then study continuity and change during the Medical Renaissance (1500-1700) including the work of Sydenham, Vesalius and Harvey before a comparison between the 1665 plague and the Black Death. They will also study the importance of factors such as the invention of the printing press, the Reformation and the rise of humanism.
Assessment: GCSE exam question: There was little progress in medicine in Britain during the Renaissance period (c1500–c1700).’ How far do you agree? Explain your answer. (16) You may use the following in your answer: • the work of William Harvey • bloodletting and purging You must also use information of your own. Key Words and Terms